Excursions

For information on the trails outlined below: Natural Reserve of the Lake of Cornino tel. 0427.808526

Paths Around The Reserve

THE LAKE PATH

Duration: 40 minutes

Start and finish: Visitor Centre of the Reserve

Length: 1.48 Km

Highest point: 203 m a.s.l. at the wooden bridge

Lowest point: 185 m a.s.l. at the lake

This is a circular trail that starts near the entrance to the Visitor Centre, following a retaining wall to quickly reach a picnic area with tables and benches in the shade of a grove of hop hornbeams Ostrya carpinifolia, flowering ash Fraxinus ornus, and downy oak Quercus pubescens. The route continues going down a metal ladder to reach the lake basin (photo) that you can follow alongside below the mountain. Here you can admire the colours of the lake that derive from particular algae that live on the lake-bed. On cliffs that overlook the lake you can see a Mediterranean vegetation consisting of holm oak Q. ilex, smoke-bush Cotinus coggygria and turpentine tree Pistachia terebinthus that here is at the northern limit of its distribution. The erosion of the cliffs has given rise to landslide deposits made up of a characteristic limestone rocks in which the fossils of Ellipsactinia, a sponge, abound, recognizable as fingered imprints on the rocks.

At the end of the path turn right into the main road, the SP22. The route runs along it for a short stretch before taking the path that, along the way, finishes the loop trail leading to the metal ladder encountered at the start of the path.

Variation: climb to the OBSERVATORY

Duration: 10 min round trip

Altitude Observatory: 218 m a.s.l. at the observatory

Having emerged from the area within in the grove of trees  encountered at the beginning of the path, we come across a wooden bridge that connects the trail to a small hill. Crossing it and going up the hill, you will soon come to the observatory that offers a view across the Tagliamento and the surrounding area.

THE LAKE AND VEGETATION PATH

Duration: 50 minutes

Start and finish: Visitor Centre of the Reserve

Lenght: 1.54 Km

Highest point: 203 m a.s.l. at the wooden bridge

Lowest point: 155 m at the meadow on the Tagliamento

A path for those who want to visit the lake with a return surrounded by nature, without, however, undertaking a challenging hike.

The trail begins near the Visitor Centre and coincides with “the Lake Path” as far as the provincial road, the SP22. Having passed the lake and reached the road, rather than follow it to the right with the “the Lake Path”, cross it to take a small path, downhill and a bit rough, leading to a meadow near the bed of the Tagliamento. At this point the route continues, keeping the meadow on the left and a small patch of trees on the right. At the end of the wood turn right onto an old cart road, used by locals for access to their pieces of land.

Follow this therefore nestled among groves of hazel Corylus avellana, hop hornbeam Ostrya carpinifolia, flowering ash Fraxinus ornus and cornelian cherry Cornus mas that give way occasionally to old plots of land used for hay.

At the end of a high drystone wall on the right, at an old inscription, a narrow path winds its way back, arriving at the near of the wooden bridge that closes the loop trail, onto te return path.

Variation: climb up to the OBSERVATORY

Duration: 10 min round trip

Observatory Altitude: 218 m a.s.l. at the observatory

On this route you can climb up to the observatory both at the beginning of the walk (see the variation for the Lake Path) and at the end when the path closes in a loop.

SOMPCORNINO-LEDRANIA-PEONIS PATH

Duration: 2 ½ hours

Altitude difference: 450 m

Lenght: about 5 Km

CAI paths: 817, 818

Start: village of Sompcornino (Municipality of Forgaria in Friuli)

Arrival: village of Peonis (Municipality of Trasaghis)

The trail initially runs within the municipality of Forgaria in Friuli and then continues within the municipality of Trasaghis. The initial climb takes place in a wild environment with extensive screens and stretches of rockface. The trail is well marked (CAI no. 817) and starts in the village of Cornino Somp (170 m). Rapidly leaving the last houses behind and oassing stretches of scrub and patches of trees, beautiful stone walls border the route, evidence of traditional agricultural practices. Higher up we encounter large clearings, with patches of trees arboreal vegetation consists predominantly of hop hornbeam Ostrya carpinifolia, downy oak Quercus pubescens, flowering ash Fraxinus ornus, cornalian cherry Cornus mas and hazel Corylus avellana. The varied environment favours the presence of many animal species, such as roe deer Capreolus capreolus, badger Meles meles and birds including the red-backed shrike Lanius collurio, various tit species (Paridae) and numerous other passerines. Having passed through this area, after 15-20 minutes and passing two forks, you will soon reach some broad scree slopes. The trail climbs several curves, almost always among beautiful stone walls that are home to a rich and unusual flora of aromatic plants such a winter savory Satureja variegata and the calamint Micromeria thymifolia. This is the environment preferred by the horn-nosed viper Viper ammondytes, the wall lizard Podarcis muralis, the rock bunting Emberizia cia and the nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus, as well as small mammals and insects such as butterflies and grasshoppers. The track continues to climb, approaching rocky areas used as perches by raptors and corvids. The entire route allows you, in fact, to admire the majestic flight of the griffon vulture Gyps fulvus, which, along with ravens Corvus corax and other birds of prey, perform spectacular aerial tricks.

Towards the end of the route the rocky slopes are steep and covered with a woody vegetation with the characteristic crub of evergreen holm oak Quercus ilex, particularly conspicuous during the winter. The route continues with long stretch of stone steps until, after about an hour, it reaches a wooden cross on the road at Borgo Ledrania Cornino. Having descended an hundred metres or so along the paved road, turn left onto the trail that leads to Stavoli Pecol by Zochs (the trail is marked n°818) through grassy clearings surrounded by dense scrub.

On the now-abandoned meadows you can admire beautiful spring flowers including wild daffodils Narcissus radiflorus and asphodels Asphodelus albus or, in summer, the showy peonies Paeonia officinalis and fragrant dittany Dictamnus albus.

This sction of trail also offers broad views across the Plains of Osoppo, the Moraine Amphitheater and the Julian Alps. Shortly before the Stavoli, the trail runs along the top of the cordon of the moraine that marks the maximum expansion of the Tagliamento glacier. an event that occurred about 20,000 years ago.

Here, blocks consisting of “exotic” rocks from the Carnic Alpine Chain are frequent and easily recognizable for their vibrant colout and the presence of rounded pebbles of flint.

The descent towards Peonis takes place along a easy shaded by a dense thicket of thermophilic scrub.

At the end of the mule-track, take the SP22 to return to Cornino that, from here, is about 5 km distant. The time required for the return from Peonis towards Cornino is not counted in the journey time indicated at the beginning as 2½ hours.